Knowing and analyzing the factors involved in skin carcinogenesis is important in developing strategies for prevention and treatment of skin cancer (SC).
Identification of tumor risk factors and analysis of patient’s behavior attitude towards skin carcinoma and ultraviolet radiation.
Material and method:
We performed a prospective study over a period of 10 months on 48 patients with SC, hospitalized in Clinic of Dermatology Sibiu. We conducted a chart identifying the risk factors tumor, tumor clinical data, solar behavior and knowledge about skin cancer.
Skin carcinomas were diagnosed more frequently over age of 60 (67%), mainly in males (54.17%).
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) were the most common SC (95.83%), the incidence directly correlates with aggressive UV exposure. The most common skin carcinoma was locating in the cephalic extremity (73.68%). The patients attitude analyze towards this pathology showed that most had minimal knowledge on skin carcinoma sourced unprofessional.
Skin carcinomas represent a significant public health problem, involving high cost of diagnosis and treatment. Know and combating tumor-gene factors in SC are one of the goals of prevention in derma oncology. Poor medical education among the general population requires the development of effective strategies for prevention and treatment of SC. SC continuous reporting in the national register of skin carcinoma would allow a real appreciation of SC incidence in our country.